UK defence: General Sir Patrick Sanders, chief of the army general staff, and defence secretary Ben Wallace speak at the Royal United Services Institute Land Warfare Conference 2023, while other guests include Lieutenant General Pasi Välimäki, commander of Finland’s land forces, and Major General Greg Anderson, who leads the US Army’s 10th Mountain Division.
Nato: Secretary-general Jens Stoltenberg observes military drills in Lithuania with German defence minister Boris Pistorius.
Germany: The Federal Court of Justice decides compensation claims against Volkswagen, Audi and Mercedes-Benz in Karlsruhe over the diesel scandal, in which vehicle emission cleaning systems worked only at certain temperatures. Berlin marks the 60th anniversary of US president John F Kennedy’s ‘Ich bin ein Berliner’ speech. A decision is expected on how to raise the minimum wage. Timor-Leste president José Ramos-Horta begins a state visit.
Economic data: Germany’s Ifo issues its June business climate index.
Central banks: The European Central Bank holds its 2023 Forum on Central Banking in Sintra, Portugal. ECB board member Elizabeth McCaul speaks on distributed ledger technology at a Banca d’Italia roundtable on sustainability in Frankfurt.
Corporate results: Associated British Foods offers a trading update.